Anonymous

by Merritt
Peer Group - Fawaz, Lydia, Jake

Anonymous’ operations should be supported by the Government and the people.

Some of the largest hacking operations are taken control by the infamous hacker group, Anonymous. In past years, Anonymous’ reputation has been known as “black hat hackers,” the definition of a “bad” hacker. In recent years, Anonymous has changed into an organization that has done their operations for justifiable reasons, turning into “white hat hackers.” One of the biggest problems that Anonymous faces is the law. They are constantly being tracked down by the police, attempting to arrest any Anonymous member they can find. These are the reasons why I think that Anonymous should be supported by the government, and why their operations are justifiable.

Just like any other white hat hacking group, Anonymous is considered the vigilantes of the internet, monitoring certain events of the world. Some of the most recent events they have been following, such as #OpIsis, which is operation to stop social media accounts made by ISIS members throughout various social media websites, exposing 25,000 different possible recruitment accounts. This makes the government’s job a lot easier by allowing them to make further actions without doing the hard work that Anonymous did for them.

Some of the most important current events internationally that happen, have Anonymous affiliated with them. Some protests such as Occupy Wall Street, that was taken place in 2011, was (based on who was protesting) a peaceful protest that caught global attention to many people throughout the United States. It is completely legal and also makes a huge change in the world as well. Anonymous stood alongside the other 123,000 protesters that were demanding a change as well.

Some people ask, “How do we know that Anonymous has changed their ways?” The simple answer is, we don’t. But over the past 2 years, they have demonstrated that they have taken responsibility by fighting against wrongdoers, not only from other countries, but also from the United States and their government as well. Another question is “Don’t they hack websites for fun?” Anonymous brings attention to groups or organizations they have problems with by social media threats, denial of service attacks, or account hacking. Usually, the plan of Anonymous is to decrease revenue in any given department, not give permanent data loss. Although it might not be right, when Anonymous does an action it usually benefits the company to show what they need to improve in.

In conclusion, the actions Anonymous did are completely justifiable. With their actions combined with other people’s actions, it can definitely benefit the company with a small fee of downtime of a server. Anonymous believes in supporting causes such as Occupy Wall Street, or fighting against ISIS. Not to be confused with the black hat hacker’s that Anonymous used to be, they are now a “blessing in disguise” for many people.


Topic - Anonymous, Hacking society / group
Question - Why does Anonymous have a threat against society?
Theory - During the growth of technology during the 21st century, Anonymous serves a threat because of evolution during technology.



Questions & Answers

Who is Anonymous?
Anonymous is a decentralized cyber-hacking organization that are most well known for their distributed denial of service attacks (DDoS) on government, religious, or company websites.

Who does Anonymous Choose to attack?
Anonymous members choose to attack people all across the world, including ISIS, ISIL, the Church of Scientology, Sony, Westboro Baptist Church, and participating in OWS

Is Anonymous Anti-Terrorism or Terrorism?
Anonymous is a terrorism group fighting for Anti-terrorism across the globe. If anonymous members choose to fight in different non-harming ways, it would not be considered a terrorism group.

Is There Any Other Competing Hacking Organizations?
Other than some country known hackers in others countries specifically, but there is no hacker groups that look over pretty much everything when it comes to current events all around the world.

Why do they choose to be involved in these situations?
Some people do it because they think it's right, some people do it because it has something to do with something personal. Others do it just to support the case. But in all circumstances, Anonymous takes cases for a reason, not just to pick on random people.

Arguments

  • Argument 1: Should Anonymous be tracked down for taking down ISIS Twitter accounts?
    • Side 1: No, because they are helping the government track down ISIS recruiters
    • Side 2: Yes, because they are hacking twitter accounts and breaching the security of twitter.
  • Argument 2:
    • Side 1: Use a bullet to briefly explain their main view
    • Side 2: Use a bullet to briefly explain their main view
  • Argument 3:
    • Side 1: Use a bullet to briefly explain their main view
    • Side 2: Use a bullet to briefly explain their main view

Annotated Resources

  • Why The 'Anonymous' Hackers Do What They Do
    • "Someone walks into the channel and says, oy, mates, let's pick targets today. People shout targets. They say, oh, this happened recently, and this happened recently, and this happened recently. And it just gets added to the vote."
    • "The way Field explains it, you don't need a vote. If you have an idea, you just go into the chatroom and say, who's with me?"
    • "And people will be like, yeah, yeah, yeah, you know, I hate company X. Right? They charged me too much on my phone bill last month, whatever."
    • Is every hacker society like Anonymous, and their attack planning? Are some more organized? or less organized?
  • Anonymous - Wikipedia
    • Anonymous originated in 2003 on the imageboard 4chan, representing the concept of many online and offline community users simultaneously existing as an anarchic, digitized global brain
    • Anonymous members can be distinguished in public by the wearing of stylized Guy Fawkes masks.
    • Beginning with 2008's Project Chanology, a series of protests, pranks, and hacks targeting the Church of Scientology.
    • What other small attacks has Anonymous had that Wikipedia doesn't cover?
  • "Anonymous Hackers ‘Attack’ ISIS Terrorists"
    • Anonymous spent many of its tweets detailing their thoughts on the theology of Islam and why they believe ISIS cannot be Muslim.
    • From the beginning, Anonymous has made it clear their Operation ISIS initiative is intended to “destroy ISIS through ideological means rather than physical action.”
    • On August 31, 2014, the Anonymous group officially declared war on ISIS
    • Why would they choose to share their ideas in the way that they do?
  • "'Anonymous' Hackers Bring Down Pakistan Government Sites"
    • The group calling themselves "Anonymous Op Pakistan" hacked over two dozen government websites overnight, a few of which remained inaccessible
    • The group is also said to have leaked a zip file containing 23,000 bank records allegedly connected to the government. The zip file contained a document that stated the leak was carried out by ASOR Hack Team.
    • In numerous online messages, Dawn reports the group to say it was carrying out the attacks for political reasons, in support of the ongoing anti-government protests in the country.
    • What is the motive for them to get involved into the action?
  • "Anonymous Hacker Group Launches Cyber War Against Islamic State Militants"
    • Anonymous decided to do is instead of attacking them directly we decided to attack their ideologies with truth and logic
    • Anonymous took the initiative in order to establish two things, they needed the public to understand how urgent the situation is in Iraq. The second reason was that Anonymous needed to make sure the public knew that ISIS did not represent the Islamic religion
    • We plan to attack several countries that were knowingly supporting ISIS financially including Turkey and Saudi Arabia
    • Is Anonymous made up of Islamic Men included in the Cyber War, or people from around the country?
  • The roots of 'Anonymous', the infamous online hacking community
    • Anonymous is an international collection of hackers and protesters and geeks.
    • You have businesses like PayPal, which was attacked, and they claimed damages of $5 million
    • Keith Alexander at the time was saying — suggesting that Anonymous had the capability to attack power grids.
    • Did the developers of 4chan ever try to stop Anonymous from becoming a society? Or did they not care about it?
  • Microsoft Patches Computer Bug Linked to Russian Hackers
    • The company’s patches fix more than a dozen vulnerabilities that allow remotely located hackers to take control of a target computer, according to a note from Microsoft.
    • Microsoft on Tuesday issued bug patches Tuesday fixing 24 vulnerabilities found in Windows, Internet Explorer, Office and the .Net Framework, some of which fixed security holes exploited in attacks against Western targets linked to Russian hackers.
    • The hacks against Western targets are part of a growing wave of cyberattacks linked to Russia amid that country’s ongoing conflict with Ukraine. However, it’s unclear exactly what data hackers took as part of the attack.
    • How could they manage security better, and make sure this situation doesn't happen again?
  • Internet Passwords Hacked
    • A group of Russian criminals have stolen 1.2 billion username and password combinations for more than 500 million email addresses.
    • The criminals found hundreds of thousands of weak websites and attacked their coding, Hold Security said.
    • According to Hold Security, the criminals have been using the stolen information to send spam through e-mail and on social networks like Twitter. They can also use the 500 million stolen e-mail address to plan other crimes.
    • Were anyone's accounts jeopardized or compromised? How did this affect big e-mail companies?
  • U.S. Charges 4 Hackers Over Theft Of Games From Microsoft, Army
    • The United States has charged four men with stealing $100 million worth of intellectual property from Microsoft Corporation, Epic Games Inc., Valve Corporation, Zombie Studios and the U.S. Army.
    • The men, all between the ages of 18 and 28, allegedly used sophisticated methods to break into the company's systems to steal games before they were released to the public.
    • The Justice Department said the hackers used SQL injection and stolen usernames and passwords to access the networks.
    • Was there any other way to deal with the theft? How could this affect the outcome of the situation given?
  • Hackers claim victory in Lupe Fiasco 'censorship' row
    • A division of the hacker group Anonymous claims to have forced Lupe Fiasco’s label to settle on a release date for the rapper’s new album.
    • @TheAnonMessage presented an ultimatum regarding Fiasco’s long-delayed fifth studio album. “@AtlanticRecords: You have 24 hours to present a statement announcing the immediate release of Tetsuo & Youth. If you do not comply, we will launch a direct attack against your website, your associates, and your executives ... Blatantly censoring @LupeFiasco is inexcusable.”
    • Approximately 19 hours later, Atlantic Records’ Twitter account tweeted the 20 January date releasing the information without fanfare or any acknowledgement of the Anonymous threat.
    • How did LupeFiasco's passive aggressive tweet affect the situation? Was it directed at @TheAnonMessage?
  • Snapchat warns users against third-party apps in wake of 'the Snappening'
    • Snapchat has spoken out for the first time about the hack that led to the theft of tens of thousands of private photos, dubbed ‘the Snappening’.
    • The photos were stolen from SnapSaved, an unofficial site that promised to allow users to save pictures sent to them on the service.
    • Snapsaved itself released one statement on the breach, on its Facebook page, saying that “As soon as we discovered the breach in our systems, we immediately deleted the entire website and the database associated with it. As far as we can tell, the breach has affected 500MB of images, and zero personal information from the database.”
    • Could Snapchat solve the problem by banning 3rd party applications? Would that help?
  • The Interview: Hollywood slams Sony, movie theaters for canceling controversial film
  • The Evidence That North Korea Hacked Sony is Flimsy
  • Reporting on Sony hack has some blaming media as enabling crime
    • The company has been hacked by a shadowy group calling itself the Guardians of Peace.
    • Media outlets have run with the juicy gossip in the leaked emails... running story after story about actors' prima donna behaviour, salaries of the stars and execs, and even pay gaps between men and women on the Sony payroll.
    • Sony's chair Amy Pascal is caught calling Leonardo DiCaprio "despicable" in one e-mail
    • Who has been a main instigator/caught their attention when Sony blames the media?
  • The U.S. Government Should Pay Anonymous in Bitcoin to Fight ISIS
    • The article said that Anonymous exposed 6,600 twitter accounts, it appears that this number was skewed and is around 2-3 thousand people instead..
    • The article said that there were 20,000 people that came from 90 foreign countries that joined ISIS, this appeared to be true..
    • How many of the foreign ISIS members do not have middle eastern descent?
    • What can the members of government do to benefit Anonymous to shut down the hackers?
  • Anonymous hacker-group demands police video of shooting of Mexican immigrant by Grapevine cop
    • It is not necessary to get the video proof to the public, although it is demanded among many people
    • Some people would agree that the hacker group's consequences are okay because it is justified
    • Others may say that he should be charged with murder but without the hackers consequences nor the footage of him shooting him.
    • How is this controversial among races in the states?
  • NSA's Bulk Collection Of Americans' Phone Data Is Illegal, Appeals Court Rules
    • Someone might argue that the NSA have a right to tap into everyone's phones, because it is the safe thing to do and avoid future situations.
    • Someone might argue that the NSA do not have a right to tap into everyone's phones, because it is a violation of privacy and they aren't allowed to do it, considering the laws in place to be put against it.
    • How could this be situated so where the NSA has fewer options to tap into people's phones, and not be able to do as much?

Subtopics


Teen faces murder charge after posing for Snapchat selfie with victim
  • Why would someone murder another person and put it on snapchat?
  • What was the motive of the murder?
  • How many people have been charged with crimes related to Snapchat?
Hacked again? Russian hackers still inside Sony Pictures' network, security film says
  • How has Sony Pictures reacted to this incident?
  • What has Sony Pictures resolved due to the hacking?
  • Since the Sony hacking on Playstation Network, what have they changed from letting this happen again?