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Argentina Dos


  • Date of independence:

    • 1816-1817(2)
  • Leadership of the country:

    • President, "President Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER (since 10 December 2007); Vice President Amado BOUDOU (since 10 December 2011)"(1)
  • Description of the physical features, climate, vegetation, population (or lack there of), and land use/resources:

    • The Ades Mountains run through the upper left corner of Argentina. The Parana River runs through the upper right corner of Argentina
  • Including some average temperatures and precipitation for various times of the year:

    • Average annual temperatures in Buenos Aires Argentina Are 75oF to 51oF and the yearly rainfall is 39 inches per year in Buenos Aires.(5)
  • Total population (using the CIA World Factbook):

    • 43,024,374 (July 2014 est.)(1)
  • List of major cities:

      1. Buenos Aires(Capital)
      2. La Plata
      3. Salta
      4. Cordoba
      5. San Juan
      6. Santa Fe
      7. Rosario
      8. Posadas
      9. Mar del Plata
      10. Bahia Blanca
      11. Rio Gallegos(40
  • Major languages spoken in your country:

    • Argentinian Spanish. (A form of Spanish only used by Argentinians)
  • Unique physical features in your country (not just elevation):

    • The Igazu Falls.
  • Image/description of the flag and what it symbolizes:

    • "three equal horizontal bands of light blue (top), white, and light blue; centered in the white band is a radiant yellow sun with a human face known as the Sun of May; the colors represent the clear skies and snow of the Andes; the sun symbol commemorates the appearance of the sun through cloudy skies on 25 May 1810 during the first mass demonstration in favor of independence; the sun features are those of Inti, the Inca god of the sun"
      • ar-lgflag.gif
        Image source https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html
  • Information about the economy of the country (from the CIA World Factbook):

    • "Argentina benefits from rich natural resources, a highly literate population, an export-oriented agricultural sector, and a diversified industrial base. Although one of the world's wealthiest countries 100 years ago, Argentina suffered during most of the 20th century from recurring economic crises, persistent fiscal and current account deficits, high inflation, mounting external debt, and capital flight. A severe depression, growing public and external indebtedness, and an unprecedented bank run culminated in 2001 in the most serious economic, social, and political crisis in the country's turbulent history. Interim President Adolfo RODRIGUEZ SAA declared a default - at the time the largest ever - on the government's foreign debt in December of that year, and abruptly resigned only a few days after taking office. His successor, Eduardo DUHALDE, announced an end to the peso's decade-long 1-to-1 peg to the US dollar in early 2002. The economy bottomed out that year, with real GDP 18% smaller than in 1998 and almost 60% of Argentines under the poverty line. Real GDP rebounded to grow by an average 8.5% annually over the subsequent six years, taking advantage of previously idled industrial capacity and labor, an audacious debt restructuring and reduced debt burden, excellent international financial conditions, and expansionary monetary and fiscal policies. Inflation also increased, however, during the administration of President Nestor KIRCHNER, which responded with price restraints on businesses, as well as export taxes and restraints, and beginning in 2007, with understating inflation data. Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER succeeded her husband as President in late 2007, and the rapid economic growth of previous years began to slow sharply the following year as government policies held back exports and the world economy fell into recession. The economy in 2010 rebounded strongly from the 2009 recession, but has slowed since late 2011 even as the government continued to rely on expansionary fiscal and monetary policies, which have kept inflation in the double digits. The government expanded state intervention in the economy throughout 2012. In May 2012 the Congress approved the nationalization of the oil company YPF from Spain's Repsol. The government expanded formal and informal measures to restrict imports during the year, including a requirement for pre-registration and pre-approval of all imports. In July 2012 the government also further tightened currency controls in an effort to bolster foreign reserves and stem capital flight. During 2013, the government continued with a mix expansionary fiscal and monetary policies and foreign exchange and imports controls to limit the drain in Central Bank foreign reserves, which nevertheless dropped US $12 billion during the year. GDP grew 3% and inflation remained steady at 25%, according to private estimates. In October 2013, the government settled long-standing international arbitral disputes (including with three US firms) dating back to before and following the 2002 Argentine financial crisis. In early 2014, the government embraced a series of more orthodox economic policies. It devalued the peso 20%, substantially tightened monetary and fiscal policies, and took measures to mend ties with the international financial community, including: engaging with the IMF to improve its economic data reporting, reaching a compensation agreement with Repsol for the expropriation of YPF, and presenting a proposal to pay its arrears to the Paris Club."

      • Not just listing land uses or resources but describing major industries, maybe giving GDP or per capita GDP (comparison to USA), listing major exports and imports, etc:

        • GDP per capita= $18,600 (2013 est.), Major industries= food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel.
        • Major exports:
          • Brazil 20.4%
          • China 7.4%
          • Chile 6%
          • US 5.2% (2012)
          • soybeans and derivatives
          • petroleum and gas
          • vehicles
          • corn
          • wheat
        • Major imports:
          • Brazil 27.2%
          • US 15.6%
          • China 11.9%
          • Germany 4.5% (2012)
          • machinery
          • motor vehicles
          • petroleum and natural gas
          • organic chemicals
          • plastics
      • Interesting facts about your country:

        • Argentina is the eighth largest country in the world. The Iguazu Falls are taller than the Niagara falls.
      • Interesting images from around your country:

      argentina image 1.jpg
      If you look closely you can see a snakes head. Image source https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html
      argentina image 2.JPG
      Image source https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html
      • Satellite image of your country (using google Earth):

      • Argentina.jpg
      • At least five interesting sights/attractions from Fodor’s Travel website:

        • "Argentina's magnificent landscapes create memorable backdrops for amazing experiences. Wine lovers can sample world-class Malbecs at Mendoza's high-altitude vineyards with Andes Mountain views; adventure seekers revel in the colorful canyons of the Northwest; and nature lovers marvel at the thundering torrents of Iguazú Falls. In Patagonia, top-notch outdoor activities beckon, from scaling translucent glaciers to spotting penguins and whales. Urban adventures also await in Buenos Aires, with its thriving foodie scene, chic shopping districts, and vibrant nightlife."

        • Including a description of each sight/attraction and possibly pictures.
      • Current Events - how might these affect the interest of visitors or people thinking of moving there?:


        "EDIS Number: ST-20130403-38727-ARG
        Date / time: 03/04/2013 16:10:42 [UTC]
        Event: Extreme Weather
        Area: South-America
        Country: Argentina
        State/County: Province of Buenos Aires
        Location: [La Plata, Las Lomas and Tolosa]
        Number of Deads: 59 person(s)
        Number of Injured: N/A
        Number of Infected: N/A
        Number of Missing: 20 person(s)
        Number of Affected: N/A
        Number of Evacuated: 3000 person(s)
        Damage level: Catastrophic

        Description:

        In a press conference, BA province governor Daniel Scioli confirmed at least 35 people have died as a result of the heavy storms that hit the province's capital city La Plata. Provincial Security Minister Ricardo Casal warned that death toll could be expected to rise due to the hostile weather conditions. Between 300 and 400 milimiters of rain fell in three hours in La Plata reaching up to 1.7 meters. According to Casal, 3,000 people have already been evacuated in a situation the offcial described as "chaotic". Some people remain trapped while others took refuge on houses' roofs, where they spent the night. In statements to media, the Minister could not yet confirm how many people have died explaining there are yet "no official statistics" but said that more precise figures could be expected by noon today. Casal added that La Plata families are facing "millionaire loses" considering the vehicles, clothes and household appliances affected by the floods. Meanwhile, an emergency commission has been set by the provincial Governor Daniel Scioli to deal with the effects of the rough weather that has left Argentina's most populated province without classes and working activities." This would affect the visitors and possible movers to the country in a negative way. Not many people want to live in an area were there might be huge storms.


Argentina (1)
  • Maps.
  • flag description.
  • Geography of Argentina.
Argentina Timeline(2)
  • A factual easy to use resource.
  • A time line of the history of Argentina.
  • Goes back to 1516
Argentina To Put First Satellite In Space Using Own Launch Technology By 2015(3)
  • One of Argentina's great accomplishments.
  • Shows Argentina's advances in technology
  • They are waiting for the perfect climate to launch it.
Argentina(4)(Different website)
ARGENTINA in BRIEF: Climate(5)
Argentina
Travel Guide(6)
Extreme Weather – South-America – Argentina(7)